V. Bazylevych, Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, G. Kupalova, Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv CLIMATE CHANGE: THE MAJOR THREAT OF THE 21ST CENTURY

We consider important aspects of Kyiv climate change because of natural influences (growing population and level of household consumption accompanied with mounting volumes of waste) and anthropogenic factors (shrinking forests and green spaces, inefficient use of natural resources, increased use of fossil fuels, uneconomical use of energy and water for production and business activities, outdated production technology). The study exposes major negative effects of the climate change, examines the dynamics of trends and the relationship among population growth, consumption of energy resources, emissions of substances to air and waste production in Kyiv during 2000-2013. The environmental conditions in the city are under careful examination and compared with the environmental situation in the largest European capitals. The key scientific and methodological, organizational, economic, technological steps are outlined in the context of Ukraine’s integration into the European economic space to counteract climate change in Kyiv.

Keywords: climate change, ecosystem, air, emissions of substances, greenhouse gases, waste, climate control.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2014/159-6/1

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