I. Lukyanenko, Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”, Kyiv, M. Oliskevych, PhD, Associate Professor Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Lviv LABOUR MARKET IN UKRAINE: AN EMPIRICAL DYNAMIC ANALYSIS USING ERROR CORRECTION MODEL

The labor market background in Ukraine has not only economic but also significant social value, and therefore is an important element of social and economic policy. The effectiveness of the state socio-economic regulation mechanisms requires profound analysis, modeling and forecasting of the processes of the labor market by means of modern flexible econometric tools, taking into account the short-term dynamics of economic processes and features that are characteristic of the unstable economic development of our country. As a result of empirical research on relationships between the macroeconomic indicators of the labor market in Ukraine, we developed a set of dynamic econometric models using an error-correction mechanism which take into account the long-run equilibrium relationships, as well as provide an opportunity to model the short-term effects of several factors such as the rate of change of wages, size of the labor force, employment and unemployment. The developed model is used to predict future trends of the labor market, as well as to describe the dynamics of its operation under various alternative scenarios of economic development. The application of the developed specifications in the structure of an integral macroeconometric model of Ukraine will allow us to carry out a comprehensive analysis of economic processes in the national economy and its prospects both in the short term and in the long run.

Keywords: labour market; econometric modeling; error-correction model; wage; employment; unemployment; scenarios of development; forecasting.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2014/159-6/10

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