N. Kochkina, PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, A. Stavytskyy, PhD in Economics, Associate Professor Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine GENDER FACTORS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF A COUNTRY

The article discusses the impact of gender asymmetry on the socio-economic development of the country. Authors detected factors that determine with high level of the probability social development of the society. Econometric relationship between the level of GDP per capita in comparative prices and the socio-cultural and gender factors are developed and estimated. The analysis showed that the level of individualism, indulgence, economic participation, and political empowerment of women in the society have direct linear correlation with GDP per capita. Power distance has opposite inverse correlation with the level of GDP. Application of regression analysis gave the possibility to divide all countries into 9 clusters with similar features. Two-dimensional matrix included GDP per capita and coefficient of implementation of a country gender and socio­cultural potential. The recommendations for stimulating economic growth by smoothing gender gaps are proposed.

Key words: gender, gender asymmetry, socio-economic development, socio-cultural factors on H.Hofstede, Gender Gap Index.

Date of submission 22.05.16

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2016/184-7/2


  1. Ward J., Lee B., Baptist S., Jackson H. (2010) Evidence for Action. Gender Equality and Economic Growth. Chatham House. The Royal Institute of International Affairs.
  2. The Global Gender Gap Report (2015) World Economic Forum. Available at:http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2015/.
  3. Human Development Report (2015) United Nation Development Program. Available at:http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/pdf.
  4. Gender Equality Index 2015. Measuring gender equality in the European Union 2005-2012. Report (2015) European Institute for Gender Equality.Available at:http://eige.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/mh0215616enn.pdf.
  5. Women in Business and Management (2015) International Labour Organization. Available at:http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—dgreports/— dcomm/—publ/documents/publication/wcms_334882.pdf.
  6. Social Institutions % Gender Index. Ukraine (2014) OECD Development Center.Available at:http://www.genderindex.org/sites/default/ files/datasheets/UA.pdf.
  7. Geert Hofstede. Research. Available at:https://geert-hofstede.com/research.html.
  8. Global Competitiveness Report 2015-2016 (2015) World Economic Forum.Available at:http://reports.weforum.org/global-competitiveness-report-2015-2016/