The transformational changes in the EU’s common agricultural policy have been researched and the conscious, consistent, purposeful and gradual movement of the EU member states towards the implementation of the principles of sustainable development has been determined.
A comprehensive analysis of the key features of the 2013 EU’s common agricultural policy reform has been carried out. It has been determined that the EU’s CAP has become more object-oriented, integrated and complementary; aimed at bringing the EU’s agricultural sector closer to the world market, gradual reduction of the CAP budget and the burden on the EU budget, strengthening of market principles in relations between the agricultural producers and the EU. It has been revealed that tools introduced by the reform include environmentally-addressed direct payments, cofinancing, mechanisms of external and internal convergence, and contribute to the environmental management resolution of corresponding problems, but the socioeconomic problems of the industry are not sufficiently solved.
The main imperatives of the EU’s common agricultural policy for the period of 2021-2027 have been determined: socioeconomic, environmental, political, human development. The analysis of possible scenarios of EU’s CAP development after 2010 deserves attention.
It is substantiated that the key issues in the development of the new EU’s CAP will be: continuation by the EU member states of the chosen course to deepen the foundations of sustainable development; quantitative parameters of the financial security of the EU’s CAP as a result of Brexit; on what basis will the distribution of EU’s CAP resources be made among member states. Particularly important issue will be the choice of tools and support directions of the CAP, since it will determine the EU’s CAP EU model parameters for almost a decade.
Key words: common agricultural policy, European Union, reformation, direct payments, sustainable development.
1st Revision: 26/02/2018
- Blandford, D., Josling, T. and Bureau, J.-C., September 2011. Farm Policy in the US and the EU: The Status of Reform and the Choices Ahead. Discussion Paper. International Food & Agricultural Trade Policy Council. Available at: agritrade.org
- Josling, Timothy, 2010. Trade Policy for Food Security: Farm Policies of Developed Countries. International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva, Switzerland. Available at: https://www.ictsd.org/sites/default/ files/research/2010/05/farm-policies-of-developed-countries.pdf.
- Bartolini, F. and Viaggi, D., 2013. The Common Agricultural Policy and the Determinants of Changes in EU Farm Size. Land Use Policy, Volume 31, pp. 126-135.
- Matthews, A., 2016. The Future of Direct Payments. Paper Prepared for Workshop on ‘Reflections on the Agricultural Challenges Post 2020 in the EU: Preparing the next CAP Reform’. Brussels: European Parliament, Directorate General for Internal Policies.
- Matthews, A., September 4, 2017. The budgetary context for the CAP after 2020. Available at: http://capreform.eu/the-budgetary-context-for-the-cap-after-2020/
- Mitchell, Ian, November 2017. The Implications of Brexit for UK, EU and Global Agricultural Reform in the Next Decade. Chatham House, 20 p.
- Matthews, A., Salvatici, L. and Scoppola, M., January 2017. Trade Impacts of Agricultural Support in the EU, International Agricultural T rade Research Consortium (IARTC), Commissioned Paper No 19.
- Swinnen, J., 2015. The Political Economy of the 2014-2020 Common Agricultural Policy: An Imperfect Storm, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels.
- Buckwell, A., Matthews, A., Baldock, D. and Mathijs, E., 2017. CAP: Thinking Out of the Box. Further modernization of the CAP – why, what and how? The RISE Foundation. Available at: http://www.risefoundation.eu/images/files/2017/2017_RISE_CAP_Full_Report.pdf (accessed 31 Aug. 2017).
- Paskhaver, B.Y., Shubravska, O.V. and Moldavan, L.V. Vyklyky i shlyakhy ahroprodovolchoho rozvytku [Challenges and ways of agro-food development], 2009. Under the editorship of Academician of UAAn Paskhaver, B.Y., NASu, Institute for Economics and Forecasting, Kyiv, 432 p. (in Ukr.).
- Zinchuk, T.O., 2008. Yevropeyska intehratsiya: problemy adaptatsiyi ahrarnoho sektora ekonomiky: monohrafiya [European integration: problems of adaptation of the agrarian sector of the economy: monograph]. Zhytomyr, Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, 384 p. (in Ukr.).
- Polityka silskoho rozvytku na bazi hromad v Ukrayini: naukova dopovid [Rural development policy based on communities in Ukraine: scientific report], 2015. Under the editorship of Corresponding Member of the NAS of Ukraine, Doctor of Economics Borodina, O.M., Corresponding Member of the NAAS of Ukraine, Doctor of Economics Prokopa, I.V., Doctor of Economics Popova, O.L. NASU Institute for Economics and Forecasting. Kyiv, 70 p. Available at: http://ief.org.ua/docs/sr/291.pdf (in Ukr.).
- Borodina, O., 2016. Prozorist spilnoyi ahrarnoyi polityky u YES: empirychni dokazy [Transparency of the common agricultural policy in the EU: empirical evidences]. Zerkalo nedely, Ukraine, №1089. Available at: https://dt.ua/ariculture/prozorist-spilnoyi-agrarnoyi-politiki-u-yes-empirichni-dokazi-_.html (in Ukr.).
- Popova, O.L., 2013. Novi priorytety Spilnoyi ahrarnoyi polityky YES na 2014-2020 roky: stratehichni oriyentyry dlya rozvytku ahrosfery Ukrayiny [New priorities of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy for 2014-2020: strategic benchmarks for the development of the agrosphere in Ukraine].Ekonomika APK, №12, pp. 89-96. (in Ukr.).
- Onehina, V.M. and Shybayeva, N.V., 2016. Instytutsiyna osnova ahrarnoyi polityky: ukrayinski realiyi y dosvid SSHA ta YES [Institutional framework of agrarian policy: Ukrainian realities and experience of the USA and the EU]. Ekonomika APK, №1, pp. 18-23. (in Ukr.).
- Kalashnikova, T.V., 2014. Udoskonalennya derzhavnoyi pidtrymky ahrarnykh pidpryyemstv v umovakh hlobalizatsiyi: monohrafiya [Improvement of state support of agrarian enterprises under conditions of globalization: monograph]. Dnipropetrovsk: Publishing and printing center Serednyak, T.K., 280 p. (in Ukr.).
- Financing the Common Agricultural Policy, 2017. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/cap-funding_en
- European Commission (2017), ‘Consultation on modernising and simplifying the common agricultural policy (CAP)’. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/consultations/cap-modernising/2017_en (accessed 22 Sep. 2017).
- The CAP towards 2020 Legal proposals. DG Agriculture and Rural Development European Commission. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/sites/agriculture/files/cap-post-2013/legal-proposals/slide-show_en.pdf.
- Overview of CAP Reform 2014-2020. Agricultural Policy Perspectives Brief. №5, December 2013. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/sites/agriculture/files/policy-perspectives/policy-briefs/05_en.pdf
- European Commission (2017), June 28, 2017. Reflection paper on the future of EU finances. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/reflection-paper-eu-finances_en.pdf (accessed 31 Aug. 2017).
- Brexit: agriculture. Published by the Authority of the House of Lords. HOuSe OF LORDS. European Union Committee. 20th Report of Session 2016-17. Ordered to be printed 27 April 2017 and published 3 May 2017. HL Paper 169, 90 p. Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201617/ldselect/ldeucom/169/169.pdf.
- Novikova, I., 2016. European orientation of the economy of ukraine: historical features and current trends in the context of strategic decisions. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Economics, 8(185): pp. 22-29. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2016/185-8/3.