H. Bachev, Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor Institute of Agricultural Economics, Sofia, Bulgaria AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON RELATIONS BETWEEN GOVERNANCE AND SUSTAINABILITY IN BULGARIAN AGRICULTURE

This paper applies the interdisciplinary New Institutional Economics framework, identifies diverse market, private, collective, public and hybrid modes of governance and assesses their impact on agrarian sustainability in Bulgaria. First, the methodological framework of the study is outlined. After that dominating governing modes in Bulgarian farms of different juridical type, size, specialization, ecological and geographical location are identified, and their impacts on agrarian sustainability and its economic, social, and environmental pillars evaluated. In conclusion implications for further research, public policy improvement, and private managerial strategy formation are presented. Agricultural producers of different type use quite unlike mixture of effective market, private, collective and hybrid modes for governance of their activities and relations. Individual factors and modes most contributing to improvement of agrarian sustainability at the current stage of development are: manager’s personal convictions and initiatives, farms resources and innovation potential, near future profit and benefits strategies, market prices levels and dynamics, area-based EU subsidies, and informal agreements.

Key words: Agrarian Governance, Sustainability, Market, Private, Collective, Hybrid modes, Bulgaria.

Received: 26/03/2018

1st Revision: 20/04/18

Accepted: 10/05/2018

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2018/198-3/1


  1. Bachev, H., 2002. Study on Land Supply in Bulgarian Farms, Farm Management and Rural Planning, 3, pp. 189-203.
  2. Bachev, H., 2003. Study on Labor Supply in Bulgarian Farms, Farm Management and Rural Planning, 4, pp. 129-145.
  3. Bachev, H., 2009. Mechanisms of Governance of Agro-Ecosystem Services, in P. Liotta, D. Mouat, J. Lancaster, B. Kepner and D. Smith (editors), Achieving Environmental Security: Ecosystem Services and Human Welfare, Amsterdam: IOS Press, pp. 31-52.
  4. Bachev, H., 2010. Governance of Agrarian Sustainability, New York: Nova Science Publishers.
  5. Bachev, H., 2010. Management of Farm Contracts and Competitiveness, Saarbrücken: VDM Verlag Muller.
  6. Bachev, H., 2011. Water Governance in Bulgarian Agriculture, in A. Baba, G. Tayfur, O. Gunduz, Howard, M. Friedel, and A. Chambel (editord), Climate Change and its Effects on Water Resources, Issues of National and Global Security, Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 215-224.
  7. Bachev, H., 2014. Environmental Management in Agriculture, Mechanisms, Forms and Efficiency, Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.
  8. Bachev, H., 2016. Defining and Assessing the Governance of Agrarian Sustainability, Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, Vol. VII, Issue 4(18), 797-816. DOI: 10.14505/jarle.v7.4(18).12.
  9. Bachev, H., 2017. Sustainability Level of Bulgarian Farms, Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 23 (1), pp. 1-13.
  10. Bachev, H., 2018: Impact of Institutional Environment on Agrarian Sustainability in Bulgaria, Economic Thought, 2 (fortcoming).
  11. Bachev, H., 2018. The Sustainability of Farming Enterprises in Bulgaria, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  12. Bachev, H. and Tsuji, M., 2001. Structures for Organization of Transactions in Bulgarian Agriculture, Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture of Kyushu University, No 46 (1), pp. 123-151.
  13. Bachev, H. and Kagatsume, M., 2002. Governing of Financial Supply in Bulgarian Farms, The Natural Resource Economics Review, No 8, pp. 131-150.
  14. Bachev, H. and Kagatsume, M., 2003. Governing of Output Realization in Bulgarian Farms, The Natural Resource Economics Review, 9, pp. 55-69.
  15. Bachev H. and Nanseki, T., 2008. Environmental Management in Bulgarian Agriculture – Risks, Modes, Major Challenges, Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture of Kyushu University, No 53(1), pp. 363-373.
  16. Bachev, H., Ivanov, B., Toteva, D., Sokolova, E., 2016: Agrarian Sustainability and its Governance – Understanding, Evaluation, Improvement, Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, Vol. 7 (4), pp. 639-663. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v7.4(16).11.
  17. Bachev, H., Ivanov, B., Toteva, D. and Toteva, E., 2017: Agrarian sustainability in Bulgaria – economic, social and ecological aspects, Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 23 (4), pp. 519-525.
  18. Bachev, H., Terziev, D., 2018. A Study on Agrarian Sustainability Impact of Governance Modes in Bulgaria, Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Vol. 8, 2(56) (fortcoming).
  19. Bachev, H. and Terziev, D., 2017. Environmental Sustainability of Agricultural Farms in Bulgaria, Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, Vol. 8, No 5, pp. 968-994. DOI:10.14505/jemt.v8.5(21).02.
  20. 2017. Sustainable agriculture and rural development policy – agricultural development, European Commission
  21. Furuboth, E. and Richter, R., 1998. Institutions and Economic Theory: The Contribution of the New Institutional Economics, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press
  22. Georgiev, M., 2010. “Rent Seeking” in Agricultural Contracts in the Country, Trakia Journal of Sciences, Vol. 8, 3, pp. 230-233.
  23. North, D., 1990. Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  24. Raman, S., 2006. Agricultural Sustainability. Principles, Processes and Prospect, New York: The Haworth Press Inc.
  25. Sauvenier, X., Valekx, J, Van Cauwenbergh, N., Wauters, E., Bachev, H., Biala, K., Bielders, C. and Peeters, A., 2005. Framework for Assessing Sustainability Levels in Belgium Agricultural Systems – SAFE, Belgium Science Policy, Brussels.
  26. Terziev, D., Radeva, D., 2016. Studying the New Agriculture, 2nd International Conference on Development and Economics (I.CO.D.ECON.), Thessaloniki, Greece, Conference proceedings: https://icodecon.com/images/docs/proceedings_2017_3_18.pdf, 175-179.
  27. 1992. Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, 3-14 June 1992, Rio de Janeiro: United Nation.
  28. 2015. Paris Climate Change Conference, November-December 2015.
  29. Williamson, O., 1996. The Mechanisms of Governance, Oxford: Oxford University Press.


  • pdf 198_6-29
    File size: 2 MB Downloads: 252