Conformity of Higher Education with Requirements of “Digital Natives”

Authors: V. Bazylevych, ORCID ID 0000-0001-8030-8651, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Department of Economics, Macro- and Microeconomics, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
V. Osetskyi, ORCID ID 0000000281445313, Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Department of Economics, Macro- and Microeconomics, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
I. Tatomur, ORCID ID 0000-0002-3274-7083, Ph. D. in Economics, Associate Professor, Ivan Franko Drohobych State Pedagogical University, Drohobych, Ukraine

Abstract: The paper explores stages that teaching followed in its revolutionizing transitions from Education 1.0 to Educaton 4.0. The study presents a detailed analysis of the scientific approaches, which econ omists used in examining influence of digital technologies on behavior of young people and on identifying a generation of children as “digital natives” who grew up in the era of informational changes. An assessment of traits inherent in the new generation of young people has been used as a basis for carrying out a comparative analysis of the features of “digital natives” with the distinctiveness of “digital immigrants.” The study identified factors that contributed to growing number of “digital immigrants” in developing and least developed countries. The notions of “digital cowboys” and “digital nomads” are considered in terms of their recent appearance in the academic market. Countries with the highest share of “digital natives” comprise the high-income and above-average income countries, the countries with very high levels of general Internet penetration, the countries with top ICT Development Index (IDI), and the countries with a relatively high proportion of young people. Solutions are proposed to support “digital natives” in their educational aspirations and narrow the gap between them and “digital immigrants”.

Key words: digital natives, digital immigrants, digital nomads, digital cowboys, teenagers, reverse mentoring

Received: 12/02/2019

1st Revision: 15/02/2019

Accepted: 20/02/2019



  1. Kondakov 2016. “School of the 21st Century.” Institute of Mobile Educational Systems Education4.0, 27 р.
  2. Kelly F., McCain T. and Jukes I. 2009. “Teaching the Digital Generation: No More Cookie-CutterHigh Schools.”Melbourne: Hawker Brownlow Education, 143 р.
  3. Tapscott 2009. “Grown Up Digital: How the Net Generation is Changing Your World.” McGraw-Hill Education, 348 р.
  4. Kivunja C. 2014. “Theoretical Perspectives of How Digital Natives Learn.” International Journal of Higher Education Vol. 3, No. 1, pp 94-109
  5. Chris J. and Binhui S. 2011. The net generation and digital natives: implications for highereducation. The Higher Education Academy, 57 р.
  6. Prensky M. 2001. “Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Part  2: Do They Really Think Differently?”, On the Horizon, Vol. 9, Issue: 6, 1-6.
  7. Tapscott D., 2009. “Grown Up Digital: How the Net Generation is Changing Your World”. Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education, 348 р.
  8. Robinson K. 2011. “Out of Our Minds: Learning to be Creative”. Capstone Publishing Ltd, 225 р.https://doi:10.1111/1467-8705.00335.
  9. ‘Digital immigrants’ teaching ‘digital natives’- Berkman conference ponders universities’ digital future (2007). The Harvard gazette. June 7. URL:
  10. Viljakainen , Mueller-Eberstein M., 2011. No Fear: Business Leadership for the Digital AgeHardcover. Bargain Price. Publisher: Marshall Cavendish Corp/Ccb, 256 р.
  11. Slobodian 2017. Digital “Childhood, or why ‘natives’ learn differently?”: (accessed December 9, 2018).
  12. Dorosh M. 2015. “Children and Technology: A Digital Pyramid”. Media sapiens. (accessed December 9, 2018).
  13. Regent      2018.     Newcomers    from     the     future     =     generation    Z.      How     to     understand     each other? (assessedNovember 5, 2018).
  14. Riegel С., Mete R. 2018. Educational technologies for k-12 learners: what digital natives and digitalimmigrants can teach one Educational Planning Journal, 24(4), 49-58.
  15. Measuring the Information Society (MIS) Geneva Switzerland: International Telecommunication Union. 254 р.
  16. Global Ecommerce Report Amsterdam: Ecommerce Foundation, 142 р.
  17. Statistics and Facts in the United States and Worldwide. 2018. November 12, 2018).
  18. Measuring the Information Society Report Geneva Switzerland: International Telecommunication Union, 274 р.
  19. UNFPA 2018. United Nations Population Fund. (accessed October 22, 2018).
  20. Measuring the information Report 2013. M. ITU Telecommunication Development Bureau, 42 p.
  21. Countries With The Most Personal Computers Per Capita 2017. URL: with-the-most-personal-computers-per-capita.html(Last accessed: 09.11.2018).
  22. World Development Report Digital dividends. International Bank for Reconstruction andDevelopment. The World Bank, 359 р. https://doi:10.1596/978-1-4648-0671-1.
  23. Finance 2017. “Research: In Ukraine, one family has 3 gadgets.” 2017 (accessed: November 12, 2018).
  24. Smartphones      “Smartphones,    mobile    gaming    tops     with     kids     in     Asia”. 2016/01/13/superawesome-report-finds-smartphones-mobile-gaming-tops-with-kids-in-asia/  (accessed: November 11, 2018).
  25. The 2017 Childwise Monitor Report. URL: childrens-media-experiences/ (accessed: 11.2018).
  26. Children in a Digital The state of the world’s children 2017. U-Report. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 215 р.
  27. EU Kids Online 2017. EU Kids Online: findings, methods, recommendations. EuropeanCommission Safer Internet Programme, 2017, 48 р.
  28. Evaluating Global Digital Education: Student Outcomes Framework New York: OECD PISA. 116 р.


  • pdf 202-6-13
    File size: 619 kB Downloads: 3728