SECURITY ASPECTS OF MODERN INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION PROCESSES

Authors: I. Anhelko, ORCID ID 0000000320989170, PhD in Economics, Senior Lecturer,
I. Vaskovych, ORCID ID 0000000288283900, PhD in Economics, Associate Professor,  Institute of Enterprise and Advanced Technologies “Lviv Polytechnic” National University, Lviv, Ukraine,
H. Lekh, ORCID ID 0000000254625335, PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, National Forestry University, Lviv, Ukraine

Abstract: The article highlights and characterizes the main aspects of influence of migration processes on the separate constituent components of international and national security. It has been discovered that international migration influences security at three different levels: at the national level in countries of transit and countries of destination, migration can be treated as the threat to economic welfare, political stability, social order, culture, religion, and identity of separate states; at the bilateral level, migration movements have the tendency to escalate tension between countries of origin and countries of destination and, therefore, influence regional and international stability; at the level of separate migrants, whose actions can directly influence international relations. It has been proven that the influence of migration on security of separate states is ambiguous and has some threats that require detailed analysis and solution. It has been researched and specified that international migration is the essential component of the world order which determines and forms its social reality, influences all countries of the world, makes them places of origin, destination or transit for migrants. It has been demonstrated that the threats of migration processes are most significantly noticed in countries of destination, namely in their political, social, and economic spheres. Moreover, migration threats are aimed not only at disturbing the internal stability of separate states, but also the security of the entire society. It has been concluded that solving the main problems directly related to migration processes requires not only reaction to threats, but also application of all possible advantages for the efficient development of both countries of destination and countries of origin.

Key words: migration, migration processes, migration crisis, terrorism

Received: 14/11/19

1st Revision: 17/11/19

Accepted: 17/12/19

DOI:    https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2019/207-6/1

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