В. Козюк, д-р экон. наук, проф., А. Длугопольский, д-р экон. наук, проф. Тернопольский национальный экономический университет, Тернополь, Украина ВЛИЯНИЕ ДИСТАНЦИИ ВЛАСТИ И ЦЕНОСТНЫХ ОРИЕНТИРОВ НА ОЛИГАРХИЗМ И РАЗВИТИЕ КРОНИ-СЕКТОРОВ В СОВРЕМЕННЫХ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИХ СИСТЕМАХ

Исследована связь олигархических экономик с развитием крони-секторов, к которым принадлежат отрасли с доминированием ренто-ориентированного поведения. Проанализирована связь дистанции власти с некоторыми показателями социально-экономического развития и ценностными ориентирами экономических систем. Проведен корреляционно-регрессионный анализ зави-симости дистанции власти и кумовского капитализма, обосновано существование т.н. “плохого замкнутого круга”, связанного с толерантным отношением к иерархиям. Сделаны выводы относительно того, что культурные факторы формирования иерархических обществ, прямо влияют на распространение в экономической системе т.н. крони-секторов и слабых институтов.

Ключевые слова: олигархия, крони-сектор, дистанция власти, институты, демократия.

Поступила в редакцию 09.07.2017

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2017/193-4/5

References

  1. Volhonsky, B., 2008. Rise and fall of “tigers” and “dragons”. Available at: http://www.russ.ru/pole.
  2. Helman, V.Y., 2010. The logic of “private capitalism”: big oil, big business and big policy in Russia // Economy and Institutes. М., 172-191.
  3. North, D.C., Wallis, J.J., Weingast, B.R.,Violence and social orders: a conceptual framework for interpreting recorded human history. N.Y.: Cambridge University Press.
  4. Sorj B., Martuccelli D.,The Latin American challenge: social cohesion and democracy. L. 288 p.
  5. de Soto, H., 2017. The mystery of capital. Why capitalism triumphs in the West and fails everywhere else? K. 232 p.
  6. Acemoglu, D., Robinson, J.A., 2016. Why nations fail? The origins of power, prosperity and poverty. 440 p.
  7. Acemoglu, D., Robinson, J.A., 2015. Economic origins of dictatorship and democracy.М. 512 p.
  8. Acemoglu, D., 2008. Oligarchic versus democratic societies. Journal of the European Economic Association, 6(1), pp. 1-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/JEEA.2008.6.1.1
  9. Evans, P., 1995. Embedded autonomy: states and industrial transformation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  10. Haber, S., 2003. It wasn’t all Prebisch’s fault: the political economy of Latin American industrialization. Working Paper Stanford University.
  11. Lopes, Harsia A.I., 2017. Oligarchic policy in Latin America. Available at: https://voxukraine.org.
  12. Kozyuk, V.V., 2014. Quality of institutions and deviation of exchange rates from PPP: implications for economic growth. Journal of European Economy, 13(1), pp. 3-19.
  13. Kozyuk, V.V., 2016. Financial development, foreign exchange reserves and political regimes in commodity economies. Economic Theory, 3, pp. 82-102.
  14. Aslund, A., 2005. Comparative oligarchy: Russia, Ukraine and the United States. Studies & Analyses, 296, pp. 1-17.
  15. Hellman, J.S., 1998. Winners take all: the politics of partial reform in Post-communist transitions. World Politics, 50, pp. 203-234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0043887100008091
  16. Konchyn, V., Horban, Y., 2016. Economic point of bifurcation for Ukrainian oligarchic state in the stationary bandit model. Available at: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/70953.
  17. McGuire, M., Olson, M., 1996. The economics of autocracy and majority rule: the invisible hand and the use of force. Journal of Economic Literature, 34, pp. 72-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-26284-7_3
  18. Bazylevich, V.D., Grazhevska A.O., 2016. Rental relations in the modern market economy: meaning and mechanisms of regulations. Banking, 2(139), pp. 43-57.
  19. Grazhevska, N., 2016. Comparative analysis of economic systems: specificity and evolution. International Journal of Tbilisi University, 1(13), pp. 28-33.
  20. Maslow, A.O., Kolyadich, О.1., Monopolization of Ukrainian industry at the end of Х1Х – beginning of ХХ century. Scientific papers. Economics, 8, pp. 34-41.
  21. Grazhevska, N., Trokhymenko, V., Grazhevska, A., 2016. Premises and Economic Consequences of Rent-Seeking Behavior on the Banking Service Market in Ukraine. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Economics, 2(179), pp. 16-21.
  22. Grazhevska, N., Virchenko, A., Grazhevska, A., 2015. The Effects of Rent-Seeking Behavior on the Efficiency of Fiscal Policy in Ukraine. Piocedia Economics and Finance, 27, pp. 274-287.
  23. Soskin ,О., The model of economy and business-environment development: the logic of euro integration changes. In: Economy of enterprises: theory and practice: Materials of international science and practice conference (10.10.2014). К., pp. 43-48.
  24. Kozyuk, V.V., Shimanska, O. P. (2013). The political economy of oligarchic economics. Herald of TNEU, 3, pp. 97-104.
  25. Kozyuk, V.V., 2017. NBU tomorrow: from the “embraces” of oligarchic octopus – to the printing press? Economical truth, 17 May. Available at: https://www.epravda.com.ua/rus/columns.
  26. Dluhopolskyi, O.V., 2015. The welfare state and quality of life: Nordic countries experience and Ukrainian reality. Social-economic problems and state, 2(13), pp. 294-302.
  27. Corruption Perceptions Index Available at: http://www.transparency.org/cpi2015.
  28. People and corruption: Europe and Central Asia Available at: http://www.transparency.org.
  29. Geert Hofstede. Available at: https://geert-hofstede.com/research.html.
  30. Hofstede, G., 2001. Culture’s consequences: comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications.
  31. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G.J., Minkov, M., 2010. Cultures and organizations: software of the mind. McGraw-Hill.
  32. Geert Hofstede and his theory of culture changes: overview information. Available at: http://news.telelangue.com/ru/2011/10/hofstede-cultural-theory.
  33. Power Distance Index. Geert Hofstede cultural dimensions. Clearly cultural: making sense of cross cultural communication. Available at: http://www.clearlycultural.com.
  34. Human Development Reports Available at: http://hdr.undp.org.
  35. The Worldwide governance indicators project. Available at: http://info.worldbank.org/governance.
  36. World Values Survey Code Book, ICPSR 6160. Ann Arbor, Midi, 2015.
  37. Metscher, D. S., Smith, M., Alghamdi, A., 2009. Multi-cultural factors in the crew resource management environment: promoting aviation safety for airline operations. Journal of Aviation / Aerospace Education & Research, 18(2). Available at: http://commons.erau.edu/jaaer/vol18/iss2/6.
  38. Popper, K., 1994. The open society and its enemies. Vol.l. 444 p.
  39. Popper, K., 1994. The open society and its enemies. Vol.ll. 494 p.
  40. Kohn, M.L., 1969. Class and conformity: a study in values. The Dorsey Press, Homewood, IL.
  41. Our Crony-capitalism Index: the party winds down. Available at: https://www.economist.com/news/international.
  42. Melnichuk, V.G., 2013. Oligarchs are tearing down the country. Available at: https://argumentua.com.
  43. Comparing crony capitalism around the world, Available at: www.economist.com.
  44. Hollingsworth, M., Lansley, S., 2016. From Russia with cash. K. 312 p.

Загрузить

  • pdf 193_30-37
    Размер файла: 549 kB Кол-во скачиваний: 159