Связь между локальной интегрированностью общины, осознанием экономического значения туризма и поддержкой его развития: организация туристического бизнеса в селе

Авторы: У. Чалишкан, ORCID ID 0000000268447197, доктор философии, Университет Муглы, Мугла, Турция
И. А. Салтик, ORCID ID 0000000234562787, доктор философии, Университет Муглы, Мугла, Турция

Аннотация: Туризм является одним из наиболее важных секторов экономики в мире, и его влияние на местные сообщества часто обсуждается в литературе. Хотя социально-культурные и экологические последствия рассматри ваются часто, но основное внимание уделяется экономическим итогам. В этом исследовании выясняется, влияет ли локальная сплоченность сообщества на понимание экономиче- ских результатов и на поддержку развития туризма. В работе используются различные способы оценок и метод путевого анализа, который важен с точки зрения изучения взаимосвязи между локальной сплоченностью сообщества и восприятием местных жителей в поселении, которое находится очень близко к популярным туристическим объектам, но при этом удалено от туристической дея- тельности. Этим вносится определенный вклад в литературу о планировании туризма. Результаты показывают, что локальная сплоченность сообщества имеет отношение к экономическим последствиям и оказывает положительную поддержку развитию ту- ризма, в то время как она не связана с негативными представлениями о развитии туризма.

Ключевые слова: влияние туризма, местные жители, локальная сплоченность сообщества, конфирматорный факторный анализ, путевой анализ, Турция

Received: 06/06/2017

1st Revision: 22/10/2017

Accepted: 15/11/2018

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2018/201-6/6

References

Ambroz, M., 2008. Attitudes of Local Residents towards the Development of Tourism in Slovenia: The Case of the Primorska, Dolenjska, Gorenjska and Ljubljana Regions. Anthropological Notebooks, 14(1), pp.63-79.
Andereck, K., Valentine, K., Knopf, R. and Vogt, C., 2005. Residents’ perceptions of community tourism impacts.
Annals of Tourism Research, 32(4), pp.1056-1076. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2005.03.001
Ap, J. and Crompton, J.L., 1993. Residents’ Strategies for Responding to Tourism Impacts. Journal of Travel Research, 32(1) pp.47 – 50. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/004728759303200108
Ap, J., 1990. Residents’ perceptions research on the social impacts of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 19(4) pp.665-690. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(90)90032-M
Belisle, F.J. and Hoy, D.R., 1980. The perceived impact of tourism by residents a case study in Santa Marta, Colombia.
Annals of Tourism Research, 7(1), pp.83-101.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(80)80008-9
Brunt, P. and Courtney, P., 1999. Host perceptions of sociocultural impacts. Annals of Tourism Research, 26(3), pp.493-515. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(99)00003-1
Butler, R.W., 1980. The Concept of a Tourist Area Cycle of Evolution: Implications for Management of Resources.
Canadian Geographer; 24(1), pp. 5-12.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-0064.1980.tb00970.x
Conradson, D., 2005. Focus groups. In: R. Flowerdew & D. Martin Eds. Methods in human geography: A guide for students doing a research project. New York: Pearson Education, pp.128-143.
Croes, R., 2012. Assessing tourism development from Sen’s capability approach. Journal of Travel Research, 51(5), pp.542-554. DOI: 10.1177/0047287511431323
Chaliskan U. and Ozer O., 2014. A Comparative Study of Local Residents’ Attitudes towards Tourism in Kusadas<U+0131>. DEU Isletme Fakultesi Dergisi, 15(2), pp.117-133
Cokluk, O., Sekercioglu, G., and Buyukozturk, S., 2016. Sosyal Bilimler icin Cok Degiskenli Istatistik SPSS ve LISREL Uygulamalar<U+0131>. 4th ed. Ankara: Pegem Akademi
Colak, E., 2017. Mugla Halk<U+0131>n<U+0131>n Turizm Olgusuna ve Turizm Etkilerine Bak<U+0131>s Ac<U+0131>lar<U+0131>n<U+0131> Anlamaya Yonelik Bir Alan Arast<U+0131>rmas<U+0131>. MSc, Mugla S<U+0131>tk<U+0131> Kocman University.
Dogan, H., 1989. Forms of adjustment: socio-cultural impacts of Tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 16(2), pp.216- 236. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(89)90069-8
Doxey, G.V., 1975. A causation theory of visitor-resident irritants: Methodology and research inferences. In: Travel Research Association, The Impact of Tourism: Sixth Annual Conference Proceedings, 195–198, Salt Lake, Utah.
Esman, M., 1984. Tourism as Ethnic Preservation: The Cajuns of Louisiana. Annals of Tourism Research, 11, pp.451- 467. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(84)90031-8
Field, A., 2009. Discovering Statistics using SPSS. 3rd ed. London: Sage Publications
Garrod, F. and Fyall, A., 1998. Beyond the Rhetoric of Sustainable Tourism? Tourism Management, 19(3), pp.199- 212. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-5177(98)00013-2
Gee, C.Y., Makens, J.C. and Choy, D.J.L., 1997. The Travel Industry. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold
Goudy, W.J. 1990. Community Attachment in a Rural Region. Rural Sociology 55(2), pp.178-198. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1549-0831.1990.tb00679.x
Gursoy, D. & Chen, J.S., 2000. Competitive analysis of cross cultural information search behavior. Tourism Management, 21(6), pp.583-590. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-5177(00)00005-4
Gursoy, D. and Rutherford, D., 2004. Host attitudes toward tourism: An improved structural model. Annals of Tourism Research, 31(3), pp.495-516 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2003.08.008
Gursoy, D., Chi, C.G. & Dyer, P., 2010. Local’s attitudes toward mass and alternative tourism: The case of Sunshine Coast, Australia. Journal of Travel Research, 49(3), pp.381-394. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287509346853
Gursoy, D., Jurowski, C. and Uysal, M., 2002. Resident Attitudes: A Structural Modeling Approach. Annals of Tourism Research, 29, pp.79-105. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(01)00028-7
Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J., & Anderson, R.E., 2010. Multivariate data analysis. Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Haley, J., Snaith, T. and Miller, G., 2005. The social impacts of tourism a case study of Bath, UK. Annals of Tourism Research, 32(3), pp.647-668. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2004.10.009
Husbands, W., 1989. Social Status and Perception of Tourism in Zambia. Annals of Tourism Research, 16, pp.237- 255. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(89)90070-4
Hutcheson, G. and Sofroniou N., 1999. The multivariate social scientist; introductory statistics using generalized linear models. London: Sage Publications
Inskeep, E., 1991. Tourism Planning – An Integrated and Sustainable Development Approach. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold
Irandu, E.M., 2004. The role of tourism in the conservation of cultural heritage in Kenya. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 9(2), pp.133–150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1094166042000233658
Jurowski, C. and Gursoy, D., 2004. Distance Effects on Residents’ Attitudes toward Tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 31(2), pp.296- 312.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2003.12.005
Jurowski, C., Uysal, M. and Williams, D.R., 1997. A theoretical analysis of host community resident reactions to tourism. Journal of Travel Research, 36(2), pp.3-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/004728759703600202
Keogh, B., 1990. Public participation in community tourism planning. Annals of Tourism Research, (17), pp.449-465. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(90)90009-G
Krejcie, R.V., & Morgan, D. W., 1970. Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, pp.607-610. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/001316447003000308
Ladkin, A., 2011. Exploring tourism labor. Annals of Tourism Research, 38(3), pp.1135-1155. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2011.03.010
Lankford, S., Williams, A. and Lankford J, 1997. Perceptions of Outdoor Recreation Opportunities and Support for Tourism Development. Journal of Travel Research, 35(3), pp.60-65.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/004728759703500311
Lankford, S.V. and Howard, D.R., 1994. Developing a tourism impact attitude scale. Annals of Tourism Research,
(21), pp.121-139. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(94)90008-6
Latkova, P. & Vogt, C.A., 2012. Residents’ attitudes toward existing and future tourism development in rural communities. Journal of Travel Research, 51(1), pp.50-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287510394193
Lee, T.H., 2013. Influence analysis of community resident support for sustainable tourism development. Tourism Management, 34, pp.37-46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2012.03.007
Liang, Z.X. and Bao, J.G., 2015. Tourism gentrification in Shenzhen, China: causes and socio-spatial consequences.
Tourism Geographies, 17(3), pp.461-481. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2014.1000954
Liu, J. and Var, T., 1986. Residents Attitudes toward Tourism Impacts in Hawaii. Annals of Tourism Research, 13, pp.193-214. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(86)90037-X
Liu, J.C., Sheldon, P.J. & Var, T., 1987. Resident perception of the environmental impacts of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 14(1), pp.17-37. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(87)90045-4
Madrigal, R., 1993. A Tale of Tourism in Two Cities. Annals of Tourism Research, 20, pp.336–353. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(93)90059-C
Mansfeld, Y., 1992. Group-Differentiated Perceptions of Social Impacts Related to Tourism Development. Professional Geographer, 44, pp.377-392. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0033-0124.1992.00377.x
Mathieson, A. and Wall, G., 1982. Tourism, economic, physical and social impacts. UK: Longman.
Mbaiwa, J.E., 2004. The socio-cultural impacts of tourism development in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 2(3), pp.163-184.
Milman, A. and Pizam, A., 1988. Social impacts of tourism on central Florida. Annals of Tourism Research, 15(2), pp.191-204. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(88)90082-5
Netemeyer, R.G, Bearden, W.O. and Sharma, S., 2003. Scaling Procedures: Issues and Applications. California: Sage Publications.
Nunkoo, R. and Ramkissoon, H., 2011. Developing a community support model for tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 38(3), pp.964-988.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2011.01.017
Ozturk, A.B., Ozer O. and Chaliskan U., 2015. The relationship between local residents’ perceptions of tourism and their happiness: a case of Kusadasi, Turkey. Tourism Review, 70(3), pp.232-242. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/TR-09-2014-0053
Pearce, J., 1980. Host Community Acceptance of Foreign Tourists: Strategic Considerations. Annals of Tourism Research, 7, pp.224-233. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(80)90005-5
Perdue, R.R., Long, P.T. and Allen L., 1990. Resident Support for Tourism Development. Annals of Tourism Research, 17, pp.586-599. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(90)90029-Q
Pizam, A., 1978. Tourism’s impacts: the social costs to the destination community as perceived by its residents. Journal of Travel Research, 16(4), pp.8-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/004728757801600402
Prentice, R., 1993. Community-driven tourism planning and residents’ preferences. Tourism Management, 14(3), pp.218-227. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-5177(93)90023-E
Sheldon, P.J. & Abenoja, T., 2001. Resident attitudes in a mature destination: the case of Waikiki. Tourism Management, 22(5), pp.435-443. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-5177(01)00009-7
Sheldon, P.J. and Var, T., 1984. Resident attitudes to tourism in North Wales. Tourism Management, 15, pp.40-47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-5177(84)90006-2
Sheng, L. and Tsui, Y., 2010. Foreign investment in tourism: the case of Macao as a small tourism economy. Tourism Geographies, 12(2), pp.173-191. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14616681003725219
Sinclair-Maragh, G. and Gursoy, D., 2016. A Conceptual Model of Residents’ Support for Tourism Development in Developing Countries. Tourism Planning & Development, 13(1), pp.1-22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/ 21568316.2015.1047531
Smallman, C. & Moore, K., 2010. Process studies of tourists’ decision making. Annals of Tourism Research, 37(2), pp.397-422. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2009.10.014
Snaith, T. and Haley, A., 1999. Residents’ opinions of tourism development in the historic city of York, England.
Tourism Management, 20(5), pp.595-603. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-5177(99)00030-8
Tatoglu, E., Erdal, F., Ozgur, H. and Azakl<U+0131>, S., 2002. Resident attitudes toward tourism impact. International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Administration, 3(3), pp.79-100. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(95)00092-5
Tomic, R., Gajic, T. and Bugar, D., 2012. Tourism as a basis for development of the economy of Serbia. UTMS Journal of Economics, 3(1), pp.21-31.
Tosun, C., 2002. Host perceptions of impacts: A comparative tourism study. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(1), pp.231-253. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(01)00039-1
TUIK (Turkish Statistical Institute), 2018. Address Based Population Registration System Results, (online) Available at <http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1059> (Accessed 28/02/2018)
Tyrrell, T. and Spaulding, P., 1984. A Survey of Attitudes toward Tourism Growth in Rhode Island. Hospitality Education and Research Journal, 8, pp.22-23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/109634808400800204
UNWTO, 2017. Tourism Highlights.(online) Available at <https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/ 9789284419029 (Accessed 31.01.2018)
Var, T., Kendall, K.W. and Tarakcioglu, E., 1985. Resident attitudes towards tourists in a Turkish resort town. Annals of Tourism Research, 12 (4), pp.652-658. https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(85)90086-6
Weaver, D. & Lawton, L., 2001. Resident perceptions in the urban-rural fringe. Annals of Tourism Research, 28(2), pp.439-458. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(00)00052-9
Williams, D.R. and Vaske, J.J., 2003. The Measurement of Place Attachment: Validity and Generalizability of a Psychometric Approach. Forest Science, 49(6), pp.830-840.
Williams, J. and Lawson, R., 2001. Community issues and resident opinions of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 28(29), pp.269-290. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(00)00030-X
Dornean, Doctor of Sciences (Finance), Associate Professor
ORCID iD 0000-0002-8009-4961,

Загрузить

  • pdf 201_41-47
    Размер файла: 339 kB Кол-во скачиваний: 26