Оценка управленческой устойчивости болгарских сельскохозяйственных предприятий

Авторы: Х. Башев д-р экон. наук, проф., ORCID 0000-0003-3614-712, Институт аграрной экономики, София, Болгария; Г. Харламова, канд. экон. наук, доц., ORCID 0000-0003-0555-7468, Киевский национальный университет имени Тараса Шевченко, Киев, Украина

Аннотация: Необходимость добавления “четвертого” столпа управления в концепцию понимания системы и оценки общей устойчивости сельского хозяйства становится все более оправданной в академической литературе и находит свое место в правительственных, международных, частных и других организаций. В Болгарии, как и во многих других странах, практически не существует всесторонних оценок устойчивости управления сельским хозяйством и значения устойчивости для общего аграрного развития. Данная работа является попыткой заполнить указанный пробел и предлагает целостную структуру для понимания и оценки устойчивости управления болгарским сельским хозяйством. Новый разработанный подход “тестируется” в широкомасштабном исследовании для оценки устойчивости управления сельским хозяйством страны на национальном, секторальном, региональном, экосистемном и фермерском уровнях. Исследование показало, что важно включать недостающий “столп” управления в оценку комплексной устойчивости сельского хозяйства и устойчивости агросистем различных типов. Комплексная оценка устойчивости управления болгарским сельским хазяйством, на основе критериев и индикаторов, показывает, что общая устойчивость управления находится на “хорошем”, но очень близком к “удовлетворительному”, уровне. Существует значительная дифференциация на уровне интегрального управления устойчивостью различных агросистеми страны. Отдельные показатели с самыми высокими и низкими значениями устойчивости определяют “критические” факторы, усиливающие и сдерживающие конкретную и целостную устойчивость управления оцениваемой агросистемы. Результаты интегральной оценки устойчивости аграрного сектора, основанные на микро- (фермерство) и макро- (статистических) данных, показывают некоторые расхождения, которые необходимо учитывать при анализе и интерпретации, по мере того, как совершенствуются показатели, методы оценки и источники данных. Учитывая важность целостных оценок такого рода для улучшения устойчивости сельского хозяйства в целом и устойчивости управления сельским хозяйством в частности, следует повышать их точность и репрезентативность.

Ключевые слова: устойчивость управления, оценка, сельское хозяйство, подсектора, агрорегионы, агроэкосистемы, сельскохозяйственные организации, Болгария.

Recei ved: 01/08/ 2020
1st Revision: 08/08/2020
Accepted: 06/09/ 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2020/211-4/1

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