МЕХАНИЗМЫ И РЕЖИМЫ УПРАВЛЕНИЯ АГРОЭКОСИСТЕМНЫМИ УСЛУГАМИ В БОЛГАРИИ

Авторы:  Х. Башев д-р экон. наук, проф., ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0555-7468
Институт аграрной экономики, София, Болгария,
Г. Харламова, д-р экон. наук, доц., ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3614-712X
Киевский национальный университет имени Тараса Шевченко, Киев, Украина

Аннотация:  Продукты и все разнообразие прямых и косвенных преимуществ, получаемых человеком от природы и различных экосистем, широко известны как экосистемные услуги. Сельскохозяйственные экосистемы разных типов и их специфические “агроэкосистемные” услуги являются одними из наиболее распространенных в мире. В последние годы все большее внимание уделяется системе (“умного”) управления как ключа к достижению государственных, коллективных, корпоративных и частных целей по сохранению и улучшению (агро)экосистемных услуг. Тем не менее, в Болгарии, как и во многих других странах, мало исследований относительно конкретных механизмов, режимов, факторов и эффективности агроэкосистемы.

В этой статье представлены исходные результаты широкомасштабного исследования управления разнообразными экосистемными услугами в болгарском сельском хозяйстве. Во-первых, выявлен тип, объем и важность разнообразных экосистемных услуг,
которые поддерживаются и “производятся” болгарскими фермами. Исследование выявило, что хозяйства страны предоставляют
большое количество необходимых экосистемных услуг, среди которых преобладают обеспечение продуктами питания и кормами, сохранение элементов природной среды. Во-вторых, определена и оценена эффективность и взаимодополняемость отдельных режимов и механизмов управления экосистемными услугами, используемыми агрохолдингами.

Ключевые слова: экосистемы, услуги, управление, эффективность, сельское хозяйство, фермы.

Received: 16/11/2021
1st Revision: 03/12/2021
Accepted: 15/12/2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2667.2021/217-4/1

Список использованных источников
1. Adhikari B. and G. Boag (2013): Designing payments for ecosystem services schemes: some considerations, Current Opinion in
Environmental Sustainability 2013, 5:72–77.
2. Allen J., J.y DuVander, I. Kubiszewski, E. Ostrom (2011): Institutions for Managing Ecosystem Services Solutions, Vol. 2, 6, 44-49.
3. Bachev H (2011): Management of Agro-Ecosystem Services: Framework of Analysis, Case of Bulgaria, in J. Daniels (editor), Advances in
Environmental Research. Vol. 17, New York: Nova Science, 119-164.
4. Bachev H. (2009): Governing of Agro-ecosystem Services. Modes, Efficiency, Perspectives, VDM Verlag.
5. Bachev H. (2010): Governance of Agrarian Sustainability, New York: Nova Science Publishers.
6. Bachev H. (2012): Governing of Agro-Ecosystem Services in Bulgaria, in A. Rezitis (editor), Research Topics in Agricultural and Applied
Economics, Vol. 3, Bentham Science Publisher, 94-129.
7. Bachev H. (2018): The Sustainability of Farming Enterprises in Bulgaria, Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
8. Bachev H. (2020): Defining, analyzing and improving the governance of agroecosystem services, Economic Thought, 4, 31-55.
9. Bachev H. (2020): Understanding and improving the governance of ecosystem services: The case of agriculture, Journal of Economics
Bibliography, Volume 7, Issue 3, 170-195.
10. Bachev H. (2021): A Study on Amount and Importance of Ecosystem Services from Bulgarian Agriculture, Journal of Business
Analytics and Data Visualization, Volume-2, Issue-1, 7-27.
11. Bachev H. (2021): Modes of Governance for Ecosystem Services in Bulgarian Farms, Икономически изследвания, 8.
12. Bachev H. and D. Terziev (2019): Sustainability of Agricultural Industries in Bulgaria, Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Volume 14,
Issue 1.
13. Bachev H., B.Ivanov and A.Sarov (2020):Unpacking Governance Sustainability of Bulgarian Agriculture, Икономически изследвания, 6, 106-137.
14. Bašev H. (2009): Upravlenie na uslugite na agro-ekosistemite, Ikonomika i upravlenie na selskoto stopanstvo No 6, 3-20.
15. Bašev H. (2012): Efektivnost na fermite i agrarnite organizacii, Ikonomičeska misǎl, br. 4, 46-77.
16. Bašev H. (2014): Ekoupravlenie v selskoto stopanstvo, Ikonomičeska misǎl, br.1, 29-55.
17. Bašev H. (2020): DEFINIRANE, ANALIZIRANE I USǍVǍRŠENSTVANE NA UPRAVLENIETO NA USLUGITE NA AGROEKOSITEMITE, Ikonomičeska misǎl, br. 4, 3-30.
18. Bašev H. (2020): PODHOD ZA ANALIZ I USǍVǍRŠENSTVANE NA UPRAVLENIETO NA USLUGITE NA AGRO-EKOSITEMITE, Ikonomika
i upravlenie na selskoto stopanstvo, br. 3, 27-48.
19. Bašev H., B. Ivanov, D. Mitova, P. Marinov, K. Todorova, A. Mitov (2020): PODHOD ZA OCENKA NA UPRAVLENIETO NA USLUGITE NA
AGROEKOSISTEMITE V BǍLGARIJa, IAI – Sofija.
20. Bašev H., B. Ivanov, D. Toteva (2019): Ocenka na socialnoikonomičeskata i ekologična ustojčivost na agrarnite ekosistemi v Bǎlgarija,
Ikonomičeska misǎl, br.2, 33-56.
21. BashevH. (2016): Defining and assessment of the sustainability of farms, Economic Studies Journal, 158-188.
22. Boelee, E. (Editor) (2013): Managing water and agroecosystems for food security, CABI.
23. Čipev N., Sv. Bratanova – Dončeva, K. Gočeva, M. Žijanski, M. Mondeška, Ja. Jordanov, I. Apostolova, D. Sopotlieva, N. Velev,
E. Rafailova, J. Uzunov, V. Karamfilov, Radka Fikova, St. Vergiev (2017): Metodologična ramka za ocenka i kartirane na sǎstojanieto na ekosistemite i ekosistemnite uslugi v bǎlgarija rǎkovodstvo za monitoring na sǎstojanieto i razvitieto na ekosistemite i ekosistemnite uslugi, IAOS.
24. Cross Compliance National Report: Bulgaria. URL: https://ieep.eu/publications/cross-compliance-national-report-bulgaria
25. De Groot R., Wilson M, Boumans R. (2002): A typology for the description, classification, and valuation of ecosystem functions goods
services. Ecol Econ 41:393–408
26. EEA (2015): Ecosystem services in the EU, European Environment Agency.
27. FAO (2016): Mainstreaming ecosystem services and biodiversity into agricultural production and management in East Africa, Technical
guidance document, FAO.
28. Fremier A., F. DeClerck, N.Bosque-Pérez, N. Carmona, R, Hill, T. Joyal, L. Keesecker, P. Klos, A. Martínez-Salinas, R. Niemeyer, A. Sanfiorenzo, K. Welsh, J. Wulfhorst (2013): Understanding Spatiotemporal Lags in Ecosystem Services to Improve Incentives, BioScience Vol. 63 No. 6.
29. Gao H., T. Fu, J. Liu, H. Liang and L. Han (2018): Ecosystem Services Management Based on Differentiation and Regionalization along
Vertical Gradient, China, Sustainability, 10, 986
30. Garbach K., J. Milder, M Montenegroand, F. DeClerck (2014): Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Agroecosystems, Elsevier.
31. Gemmill-Herren B. (2018): Pollination Services to Agriculture Sustaining and enhancing a key ecosystem service, Routledge.
32. Grigorova Y. & Kazakova Y. (2008): High Nature Value farmlands: Recognizing the importance of South East European landscapes, Case
study report, Western Stara Planina, WWF (EFNCP).
33. Habib T., S. Heckbert, J. Wilson, A.Vandenbroeck, J. and D. Farr (2016): Impacts of land-use management on ecosystem services and
biodiversity: an agent-based modelling approach. PeerJ 4:e2814.
34. IAOS (2020): Ekosistemi i ekosistemni uslugi, Izpǎlnitelnata agencija po okolna sreda (IAOS).
35. INRA (2017): A framework for assessing ecosystem services from human-impacted ecosystems. EFESE,
36. Jordanov Ja., D. Mihalev, V. Vasilev, S. Bratanova- Dončeva, K. Gočeva, N. Čipev (2017): Metodika za ocenka i kartirane na sǎstojanieto
na zemedelskite ekosistemi i tehnite uslugi v bǎlgarija, IAOS.
37. Kanianska R. (2019): Agriculture and Its Impact on Land-Use, Environment, and Ecosystem Services, INTECH.
38. Kazakova Ja. (2016): Zemedelie s visoka prirodna stojnost (obučenie, inovacii, znanija), UNSS.
39. Laurans Y. and L.Mermet (2014): Ecosystem services economic valuation, decision-support system or advocacy? Ecosystem Services, Vol. 7,
98-105.
40. Lescourret F., D. Magda, G. Richard, A. Adam-Blondon, M. Bardy, J. Baudry, I. Doussan, B. Dumont, F. Lefèvre, I. Litrico, R. Martin-Clouaire,
B. Montuelle, S. Pellerin, M. Plantegenest, E. Tancoigne, A.Thomas, H. Guyomard, J. Soussana (2015): A social–ecological approach to
managing multiple agro-ecosystem services, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Vol. 14, 68-75.
41. Marta-Pedroso C., L. Laporta, I. Gama, T. Domingos (2018): Economic valuation and mapping of Ecosystem Services in the context of
protected area management, One Ecosystem 3: e26722
42. MEA (2005): Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Ecosystems and Human Well-being, Island Press, Washington, DC.
43. Munang R., I. Thiaw, K. Alverson, J. Liu and Z. Han (2013): The role of ecosystem services in climate change adaptation and disaster risk
reduction, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 5:47–52.
44. Nedkov S. (2016): KONCEPCIJa ZA Ekosistemni uslugi, Prezentacija, rabotna srešta 31 maj 2016g.
45. Nikolov S. (2018): Ekosistemni uslugi i tjahnoto ocenjavane – kratǎk pregled, Journal of the Bulgarian Geographical Society, Volume 39,
51–54.
46. Novikova A., L. Rocchi, V. Vitunskienė (2017): Assessing the benefit of the agroecosystem services: Lithuanian preferences using a latent
class approach, Land Use Policy, Vol. 68, 277-286.
47. Nunes P., P. Kumar, T. Dedeurwaerdere (2014): Handbook on the Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity, Edward Elgar,
Cheltenham.
48. Petteri V., D. D’Amato, M. Forsius, P. Angelstam, C. Baessler, P. Balvanera, B. Boldgiv, P. Bourgeron, J. Dick, R. Kanka, S. Klotz,
M. Maass, V. Melecis, P. Petrık, H. Shibata, J. Tang, J. Thompson and S. Zacharias (2013): Using long-term ecosystem service and biodiversity
data to study the impacts and adaptation options in response to climate change: insights from the global ILTER sites network, Current Opinion in
Environmental Sustainability 2013, 5:53–66.
49. Power, A. (2010): Ecosystem services and agriculture: Tradeoffs and synergies. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 365, 2959–2971.
ЕКОНОМІКА. 4(217)/2021 ~ 25 ~ ISSN 1728-2667
50. Scholes R, B. Reyers, R. Biggs, M. Spierenburg and A. Duriappah (2013): Multi-scale and cross-scale assessments of social-ecological
systems and their ecosystem services, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 5:16–25.
51. The Bulgarian Code of Good Agricultural Practice. URL: http://www.bsnn.org/pdf/GoodAgriculturalPractice-DRPII-21728.pdf
52. Todorova K. (2017): Adoption of ecosystem-based measures in farmlands – new opportunities for flood risk management, Trakia Journal of
Sciences, Vol. 15, 1, 152-157.
53. Todorova K. (2017): Upravlenie na riska ot navodnenija črez ekosistemni uslugi ot zemedelskite stopanstva, Disertacija, UNSS, WWF
(2019): Ekosistemite i tehnite “uslugi”, WWF.
54. Tsiafouli M., E. Drakou, A. Orgiazzi, K. Hedlund and K. Ritz (2017): Optimizing the Delivery of Multiple Ecosystem Goods and Services in
Agricultural Systems, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, vol.5, art. 9715

55. UN (2005). The Millennium Development Goals Report. United Nations, New York.
56. Van Oudenhoven, A. (2020): Quantifying the effects of management on ecosystem services, https://www.wur.nl/en/show/Quantifying-the-effects-of-management-on-ecosystem-services.htm
57. Wang S., B. Fu, Y. Wei, C. Lyle (2013): Ecosystem services management: an integrated approach, Current Opinion in Environmental
Sustainability, 5:11–15.
58. Wood S., D. Karp, F. DeClerck, C. Kremen, S. Naeem, C. Palm (2015): Functional traits in agriculture: agrobiodiversity and ecosystem
services, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 1–9.
59. Zhan J. (Editor) (2015): Impacts of Land-use Change on Ecosystem Services, Springer.

Загрузить